Erectile dysfunction is a health problem attributed to the inability of the male sex organ (penis) to acquire erection or sustain an erection for the duration of the sexual intercourse. Erectile dysfunction is common among men between the age 40 and above. It has also been found to occur among youths of age 22 to 40. Men of age 50 and above have the highest risk of having erectile dysfunction, as it could be a symptom of a heart-related disease or high blood pressure. Erectile dysfunction could arise as a result of several factors which may be broadly classified into health, physical or emotional problems.
Causes of erectile dysfunction in men of different age include:
Reduced blood flow to the penis
The reduction in the flow of blood to the penis region is the major cause of erectile dysfunction in men who are 40 years of age and older. This could be as a result of the narrowing of the arteries which carries blood from the artery to the penis. The artery may become too narrow to pump sufficient blood into the penis. Once blood flow is not enough to the penis, it will cause the penis to be flaccid instead of erect. High blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking can increase the chances of the arteries getting narrower thereby taking less blood to the penis and ultimately lack of erection.
Diseases affecting the nerves going to the penis
ED can occur once the nerves sending messages to the penis gets damaged. Several damages can occur to the nerves through spinal cord injury, Parkinson disease, dementia, multiple sclerosis, stroke, etc.
The testosterone which is a major sex hormone in males can adversely affect the erection of the penis. If the testosterone level is low, it will lead to a weak erection, decrease sex drive and ultimately lead to erectile dysfunction. Other disruption in hormone secretion that could lead to ED includes hyperthyroidism, hyperprolactinemia, and hypothyroidism.
Diabetes is one of the prevalent causes of erectile dysfunction. It affects the blood vessels and nerves. Statistics show that one-third of the men suffering from diabetes have subnormal testosterone concentration. This further validates the point that diabetes and ED have a close association.
Side effect of certain medicines
About 25% of reported ED cases are as a result of certain medications and use of banned drug substance. Drugs like ketoconazole, thiazide diuretics as well as alcohol, cocaine, and amphetamines are known to lead to erectile dysfunction.
Psychological issues such as anxiety, depression, fatigue, illness or stress can all decrease a man’s energy and further lead to erectile dysfunction.
Lifestyle modification is one of the ways to prevent ED from occurring. Also by ensuring that a regular medical checkup is been done to check for other predisposing illness to ED.
Erectile dysfunction treatment plan
Once you notice any of these signs below you should see a doctor for further evaluation.
- Absence of erection during sleep or early in the morning when you wake
- Painful cramping of leg muscles during physical activity, but relieved promptly by rest
- Numbness in the area between and around the buttocks and genital area
Erectile dysfunction is curable with several medical interventions. Also, the improvement in scientific research has made it possible to cure ED with new technology. With ED treatment program like the Ed Reverser by Max Miller, erectile dysfunction can be reversed while you get back your sexual vigor like in your youth.
All these views were extracted from the references listed below.
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- Haley Smith, ‘Erectile Dysfunction’, South African Pharmaceutical Journal, 82 (2015), 17-21.
- Rany Shamloul, and Hussein Ghanem, ‘Erectile Dysfunction’, The Lancet, 381 (2013), 153-65